How You Are Helping
Recently formed ACT USA is a registered 501c 3 and supports the investigational and legal work of Against Child Trafficking.
- enable field research and investigate cases.
- develop and spread educational materials based on the correct interpretation and proper implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC).
- organize and participate in Child Rights based forums and related fields.
- provide professional and peer support for victims of child trafficking
CARING AND SHARING PREVENTS ADOPTION TRAFFICKING
WHO WE ARE
Against Child Trafficking USA is an international organization consisting of concerned citizens who care about and want to protect children. Everyone is invited to join our team. We are a diverse group of researchers, authors, stay-at-home parents, students, professionals, and retirees. We come from all over the world, unified by our optimism to educate the public on the dangers of intercountry adoption for the purpose child trafficking or sexual exploitation. Many of us have been adopted or belong to a family of adoption loss. Some of us are adoptive parents. All of us agree that various forms of child trafficking hurt families and children.
HOW WE PROTECT FAMILIES
The first steps in protecting families are receptivity, empathy, understanding, and awareness. By forming a coalition of caring individuals from diverse backgrounds and networking with other adoption and anti-trafficking organizations, we can prevent adoption trafficking. Spreading awareness about all forms of trafficking is key to our success. Together, we are empowered to provide real child protection!
Against Child Trafficking USA appreciates the help of volunteers who care about adoption trafficking victims. We have listened and learned as much as possible, spread awareness of the issue, and have spoken about unaddressed and unresolved adoption cases. We promote the investigational and research work of Against Child Trafficking which is based in Brussels, Belgium and registered in the Netherlands.
WHEN DOES CHILD TRAFFICKING OCCUR
Child trafficking commonly in rural areas all over the world—including the United States. Young single-parent families who are considered illiterate or poverty-stricken are the prime targets for adoption trafficking.
Child traffickers ignore the initial intention, correct interpretation, and implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). According to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, children have a right to be raised by their families, families are entitled to support, and suitable in-country alternative care must be provided.
What is Human Trafficking?
Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as "the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring, or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs."
On the basis of the given definition in the Trafficking in Persons Protocol, it is evident that trafficking in persons has three constituent elements:
The Act (What is done)
Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons
The Means (How it is done)
Threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim
The Purpose (Why it is done)
The prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or similar practices, and the removal of organs and other types of exploitation.
WHY IS ADOPTION TRAFFICKING AWARENESS NEEDED?
In order to protect vulnerable and unsuspecting parents, the public needs to be informed about the tactics used to obtain children. Similar to other forms of human trafficking, most individuals are unaware that they have been victims of a crime. In the case of adoption trafficking, babies and young children are deemed most desirable by adopters and consequently the most profitable.
In many cases, unsuspecting parents are coerced to relinquish their babies and young children or these children are simply abducted. The children are then transported to and harboured in orphanages, that send them overseas to foreign households for profit, where the environments is ripe for either sexual abuse, or menial labor. The most pressing problem with adoption trafficking is that it is accomplished under the guise of love, evangelism, or the "best interest of the child." Such justifications have allowed adoption traffickers to promote their practices and receive public praise, while the voices of the children and their original/first families have no voice in the matter as if the child's family does not exist at all. Adult adopted people have only recently become aware of the crisis, which not only affects children immediately (and into adulthood) but also causes long term grief in poverty-stricken families most of all.
Another systemic injustice of which the Western public generally lacks any awareness is the Orphan Trade. This is caused by bogus orphanages that are either owned or work in conjunction with adoption agencies to earn profits from collecting funds from empathetic Western and potential adopters. Generally the public is unaware that a child could be at risk of being trafficked just by someone filling out an adoption agency application form. In Developing nations, orphanages are considered to be temporary child care alternatives, hospices, or boarding schools where struggling parents can send their children. Unfortunately, many parents return to retrieve their children only to discover that an adoption facilitator has already sent them overseas, taking advantage of the West's impression that these children are parentless and thus available for adoption. Investigations have shown that many so-called orphanages are actually enterprises whose goal is to exploit economically vulnerable children and their too-trusting parents. Owners of these orphanages make the facilities appear disheveled and downtrodden, which serves to generate more income when images of the facilities and the children appear in adoption agency marketing materials. In most cases, the children never benefit from the incoming funds. Once the children are adopted overseas, there is dearth of resources in the community to help them overcome language barriers, culture shock, and/or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It is not uncommon for pediatric physicians and psychiatrists to misdiagnose these children with Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD). An inordinate amount of adoptive parents end up feeling hopeless about the number of obstacles they encounter or feel enormous disappointment in the child's inability to emotionally bond with them. There have been cases where adoptive parents are given a child they did not apply to adopt. Given these odds, and if the adoptive parents are unable to adequately cope with these issues, more than a few have chosen to "rehome" the child. "Rehoming" is an underground system that enables adoptive parents to advertise their adopted children on the internet or through informal religious or civic connections in order to place them with other willing families, without any legal safeguards or regulations. Such trauma only causes the child to experience even more loss, feelings of abandonment, and psychological disruption.